Solana is a high-performance blockchain that uses a unique consensus mechanism to achieve high throughput and security. Thanks to its user-friendly nature, the platform is already being used by major companies. As we explore what Solana (SOL) is, we take a look at the project's intentions, successes, and of course why it is often referred to as the leading "Ethereum killer".
Since Bitcoin was created in 2009 an entire crypto ecosystem has emerged, valued at almost $1.2 trillion at the time of writing. While Bitcoin was designed to provide a global payment system to address problems in the traditional financial sector, other platforms like Ethereum and now Solana have been created to facilitate the development of the blockchain industry as a whole through programmable functionalities.
What is Solana (SOL)?
Recognised as being one of the fastest-growing protocols in the DeFi space, Solana offers a platform for developers to build decentralized applications (dapps) and smart contracts, similar to Ethereum. However, what sets Solana apart is its remarkable speed and lower transaction fees.
The project is led by two main entities: the Solana Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Switzerland, focuses on promoting the platform and collaborating with international partners; and Solana Labs, located in San Francisco, takes charge of driving the project's development.
Solana implements a unique approach to support a more environmentally friendly crypto ecosystem. While it utilizes a Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism to maintain its operations on the platform it also utilises an innovative consensus mechanism called Proof-of-History (PoH), created by one of its founders.
PoH is groundbreaking in the blockchain space, allowing the network to process an impressive 65,000 transactions per second. For context, Ethereum can process 30 transactions a second. PoH is described as being a "timekeeping technique to encode the passage of time within the data structure."
Renowned for being one of the fastest programmable blockchains in the cryptocurrency world, Solana has built a dedicated following. This is evident from the wide range of businesses, from finance to travel, using the platform and the strong interest in SOL tokens, the platform’s native coin.
Key features of Solana
Setting itself apart in the industry and making it a hit among the investor community, Solana offers these key features:
The platform is able to handle thousands of transactions per second (TPS), using advanced technologies like parallel processing and mempool-based TPUs for scalability.
Solana supports smart contracts, allowing developers to create and operate decentralized apps.
Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus
It's unique PoS consensus combines Proof of History (PoH) for speedy transactions, quick validation, and swift block confirmations.
Decentralized finance (DeFi)
Solana's fast, low-cost transactions make it a DeFi favourite, facilitating lending, trading, yield farming, and more.
Who created Solana?
Software engineer, Anatoly Yakovenko, is responsible for creating the Solana platform. He started working on the blockchain project in 2017, three years prior to its launch, alongside his former colleagues, Greg Fitzgerald and Eric Williams. They teamed up with several other former colleagues and together built the programmable network we know today.
Anatoly Yakovenko is also credited with developing the PoH protocol, an innovative contribution to the blockchain space that allows for greater scalability, thereby boosting usability. His expertise has been influential in the industry.
How does Solana differ from Ethereum?
One of the platform's main aims is to improve on several of the Ethereum platform's computing functionalities. Solana stands out by making transactions really fast, while also improving how much the system can handle, scalability, and cost structure. This makes Solana a top choice for efficiency and performance in the world of blockchain.
While the project's leads say that Solana will process up to 700,000 transactions per second (TPS) as the network grows, it can currently handle around 65,000 TPS, still a far cry from Ethereum's 30 TPS.
Solana is one of the few layer-one solutions from a computing platform that is able to support thousands of transactions per second without the use of off-chains or second layers.
Due to the nature of the Solana network, it is able to provide much more cost-effective transactions, generally costing around $0.000125 per transaction. 75% less than that of Ethereum, $0.0005 per transaction at the time of writing.
What is SOL?
SOL is the native cryptocurrency to the Solana platform powering its scalability and reduced cost structure. The cryptocurrency acts as a utility token, used to pay for transactions on the network and to secure the network through staking.
SOL is a proof-of-stake cryptocurrency, which means that it is secured by network participants who stake their SOL tokens. The price of SOL is impacted by conventional factors like project updates, investment market sentiment, exchange activity, and the overall economy, alongside variables such as the token's inflation rate, burning amount, and the expansion of the Solana ecosystem.
How Can I Buy SOL?
If you're looking to diversify your crypto portfolio with the likes of Solana, you’ve come to the right place. Tap allows users to seamlessly buy, sell, trade, and store SOL through the convenience of the Tap app. Using crypto or fiat money, users can tap into this growing market and become part of the Solana-driven blockchain revolution. For more content on how to trade Solana, see here on the Tap website.
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