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What is the digital euro?

Discover the digital euro, a central bank digital currency (CBDC) developed by the European Central Bank (ECB) to provide a secure and efficient digital payment method within the Eurozone.

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Are you ready to embrace the future of cashless payments? As Europeans increasingly rely on digital payment methods, the European Union is exploring implementing a safe and effective transition. Enter the digital euro, a potential game-changer in the world of virtual money. 

In this article, we'll dive into what the digital euro is all about and how it works. Get ready to discover how this innovative currency could streamline transactions, reduce costs, and empower individuals and businesses throughout the Eurozone. It's high time we unlock the possibilities of the digital euro and embrace the convenience of a cashless future.

What is the digital euro?

The digital euro, at its core, is a virtual currency designed for the Eurozone. It operates entirely digitally, making transactions fast, secure, and innovative. As a digital currency, it exists in electronic form, with no physical counterpart like traditional banknotes or coins. 

The European Central Bank (ECB) plays a crucial role in issuing and managing the digital euro, ensuring its legal value and guaranteeing its acceptance alongside physical cash. With the ECB's oversight, the digital euro aims to provide a seamless and convenient payment method for businesses and individuals alike, revolutionising the way we handle money in the digital age.

Is the digital euro a cryptocurrency?

No, the digital euro is not considered a cryptocurrency. While both the digital euro and cryptocurrencies are virtual assets, there are key differences between them. 

Cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, are typically decentralised and operate independently of central banks or public authorities. They are often issued by private individuals and allow for peer-to-peer transactions without the need for intermediaries like central banks. 

In contrast, the digital euro will be issued and regulated by the European Central Bank (ECB), making it a central bank digital currency (CBDC). The digital euro will operate on a centralised system and will be managed and regulated using blockchain technology operated by the central bank.

Why do we need a digital euro?

The digital euro has several key objectives aimed at transforming the financial landscape. Firstly, it seeks to enhance financial integration within the Eurozone by providing a common and easily accessible digital payment solution for all member countries.

Secondly, the digital euro aims to bolster security, offering a safe and trusted digital currency that can mitigate risks associated with traditional payment methods. For users, the digital euro promises convenience by enabling fast and seamless transactions, eliminating the need for physical currency. 

Additionally, it has the potential to be cost-effective, reducing transaction fees and providing efficient payment options for both businesses and individuals. The digital euro also allows anyone to use the currency without creating a bank account associated with the central bank.

How will the digital euro work?

The virtual currency operates on an innovative framework, known as blockchain technology, revolutionising the way we transact. To use the digital euro, individuals and businesses will need to create a digital wallet, similar to those used for cryptocurrencies.

However, unlike cryptocurrencies, the digital euro will be issued and regulated by the European Central Bank (ECB), ensuring its stability and legal value. Despite it being a digital currency, it is still regarded as central bank money as it is operated by the central bank. Users won't require a traditional bank account, as the digital euro can be deposited directly at the European Central Bank. This empowers individuals to engage in peer-to-peer transactions without relying on commercial banks as intermediaries. 

With blockchain technology as its backbone, the digital euro ensures secure, traceable, and efficient transactions, making it a cutting-edge payment method for the modern era while remaining central bank money.

Advantages of implementing the digital euro

The modern payment tool is designed to empower all private citizens and businesses in the Eurozone. Once approved, the digital euro will revolutionise transactions with its simplicity and immediacy. Here's what it brings:

Streamlined processes

The digitization of payments will make purchases and money transactions simpler and faster.

Cost savings

The digital euro significantly reduces costs associated with payment systems, putting more money back in your pocket.

Environmental benefits

By embracing the digital euro project, we contribute to a drastic reduction in the ecological footprint associated with monetary and payment systems within the financial sector.

Instant support

In times of need, governments can swiftly provide economic aid to citizens, thanks to the digital euro.

Anti-money laundering

With transaction registration, we can effectively combat money laundering and tax evasion.

Financial inclusion

The digital euro ensures everyone, even those without a bank account, can enjoy the simplicity and security of digital payments within the financial system.

Risks associated with the digital euro

While the digital euro brings numerous benefits, it's important to be aware of potential risks. Here are a few considerations:


The digital euro complements physical cash, known for its anonymity. While it aids in anti-money laundering, tracking payments could limit citizen privacy to some extent.

Impact on banks

As the digital euro gains popularity, deposits in credit institutions may decrease, potentially affecting loan availability. Credit institutions and payment intermediaries, and even national central banks, may need to revise their business models to adapt to the digital euro ecosystem and safeguard financial stability within the greater financial system.

Traditional euro vs the digital euro

When comparing the digital euro to traditional currency, there are both similarities and differences to consider. In terms of similarities, both the digital euro and physical currency share the fundamental purpose of facilitating transactions and serving as a medium of exchange. While the digital euro operates in the digital realm, central banks physical banknotes and coins continue to play a significant role in everyday transactions alongside the digital euro. It's important to note that both are central bank money.

However, key differences set the digital euro apart. The digital euro offers advantages such as faster transactions, as it eliminates the need for physical exchange and reduces processing times. 

Additionally, the digital euro promotes financial inclusion by enabling individuals without a bank account to participate in the digital economy, expanding access to secure and convenient payment methods. The digital euro is not designed to replace the traditional currency, but rather coexist alongside it.

It is, however, poised to shape the future of currency.

The current landscape of CBDCs

While the digital euro is expected to take 5 years to implement, other countries around the world are also in the running to release a central bank digital currency of their own. In fact, approximately 50 central banks around the world are actively researching or experimenting with central bank digital currencies, confirming that the race to embrace digital currencies and central bank money is on. 

The Bahamas lead the pack with their Sand Dollar, a digital version of the Bahamian dollar launched in October 2020. The dollar offers users free mobile transactions and a safer option than carrying cash. Other noteworthy initiatives include China with the digital renminbi (e-CNY) already in testing and Sweden’s e-krona, and now, the digital euro project.

This thriving landscape in the financial system signifies the growing acceptance of digital currencies by central banks. As financial inclusion, individual financial stability, streamlined payment systems, and the emergence of private cryptocurrencies take centre stage, the exploration of CBDCs empowers nations and central banks to shape the future of money and unlock new possibilities for a digitally empowered society.

Final thoughts

In conclusion, the digital euro represents a transformative leap toward a cashless future. With its aim of enhancing financial integration, strengthening security, and providing convenient payment options, the digital euro has the potential to revolutionise the way we handle money in the Eurozone. 

Operating on blockchain technology and regulated by the European Central Bank, the digital euro offers fast, secure, and efficient transactions, empowering individuals and businesses alike. While the digital euro coexists with physical currency, its advantages, such as faster transactions and increased financial inclusion, make it a promising addition to the financial landscape.

As countries worldwide explore the potential of central bank digital currencies, including the Sand Dollar, the future of digital currencies appears bright, heralding a new era of financial empowerment. Keep an eye out for the digital euro in months to come.


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