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Crypto fundamental analysis - A beginner's guide

Crypto fundamentals 101: A beginner's guide to understanding the basics of fundamental analysis and its role in making informed investment decisions.

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Cryptocurrency and blockchain technology are not the easiest topics to understand, especially with fast and ever-growing industries forming beneath them. Even if you have a grasp on the core details, there is still a lot of external factors that come into play. While Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies hold undeniable value, external factors still hold considerable influence and can affect the financial value of these assets.

When it comes to trading cryptocurrencies, having an understanding of the market can prove incredibly useful, while having an understanding of crypto fundamental analysis can prove to be invaluable for traders, investors, and those curious about sentiment. In order to understand why crypto fundamental analysis is so important, we need to understand what it is.

What is fundamental analysis?

Fundamental analysis can be understood as methods to evaluate the core metrics and proposition of an asset, in this case the world of digital money, cryptocurrencies. Fundamental analysis is more than looking at the price of a cryptocurrency, but rather delving deeper into the external factors that could impact the product, such as macro and micro factors.

Fundamental analysis is about looking at all the available data of a financial asset. This can include countries' sentiment towards the currency, how many people are using the digital cash every day, or even the team behind the project.

The process of fundamental analysis can be started by taking a wider outlook before narrowing it down and focusing on smaller details. You would start by evaluating the projects' market cap and how healthy the ecosystem is in terms of daily buy-in or sales data. You could then look at the projects' marketing approach, the team, and what the public has to say about the token, for an example of strategy.

To put it simply, looking at what the media is saying about Bitcoin would be an in-depth outlook, whereas just looking at the price would be considered more of a broad approach, all these factors work together to create fundamental analysis.

There are three metric areas of analysis that investors generally look at, so let's take a deeper look at those fundamentals.

Fundamental analysis metrics

These are a few of the most common metrics investors look out for, although there are definitely more things to keep in mind. At the basics of fundamental analysis, it is just doing your own research and seeing if a project aligns with what you are looking for, whether that be long-term or short-term.

The three main metrics that people evaluate are on-chain metrics, project metrics, and financial metrics. There are some things within those metrics to be considered:

On-chain metrics

  • Transaction count
  • Active addresses
  • Fees
  • Hash rate

Financial metrics

  • Market cap
  • Liquidity
  • Token supply

Project metrics

  • Whitepaper
  • Tokenomics
  • Competitors
  • Team

These metrics will help you vet projects you potentially want to invest in or trade. Let's take a look at an example from each one. Starting with project metrics, looking at the team behind a project often shows whether they have the experience or commitment to see a project through a long time period. When it comes to financial metrics, understanding the token supply and the potential it has on the market cap in the future can be greatly rewarding.

Finally, for on-chain metrics, finding out how many active addresses there are within that blockchain can pinpoint whether this chain has a flourishing and healthy ecosystem for buyers and sellers. All points should be taken into consideration to verify your fundamental analysis.

Crypto fundamental analysis Q+A

After covering what fundamental analysis is, how it affects cryptocurrency investing, and what metrics to consider, let's look at some of the frequently asked questions. These are the most commonly asked questions when it comes to cryptocurrency fundamental analysis.

Is there fundamental analysis in crypto?

Yes, as outlined by this article. Fundamental analysis in crypto is very similar to that of more traditional financial assets, just with a few different metrics in place.

How do you analyse crypto?

As already stated, there are three main metrics investors and traders look at: projects metrics, financial metrics, and on-chain metrics. There are more metrics to be considered, but these have been proven to be the most helpful.

What fundamentals affect Bitcoin?

Bitcoin doesn't have much of a focus on project metrics, as it lacks a team and tokenomics for the future. The metrics relating to market cap, token supply, transaction count, active addresses, and fees are still very much important to look at.

Is fundamental or technical analysis better?

That depends on what your goal is, without going into too much detail about technical analysis, most prefer it for short-term reasoning whereas fundamental analysis can be used for short-term and long-term reasoning, although it is much better for the long term.

Does fundamental analysis work?

Yes, it most certainly does when done properly. It's basically just in-depth research of a project to see whether it has the potential to succeed or fail.

Crypto fundamental analysis conclusion

And now you know. These are the basics of fundamental analysis when it comes to cryptocurrency, as vague as they may seem, these are the markers to consider when vetting a project you want to put funds into. Sadly we can not help you vet every project you come across, but we hope this guide will assist you in more confidently doing the analysis yourself.

Every project is different, from its founding date to the project economics, but the above information should help you get a rough idea of whether it is a project you are interested in. In crypto, it always comes down to "DYOR", or do your own research, and crypto fundamental analysis is no different. 


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